Shoulder replacement is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or diseased shoulder joint is replaced with an artificial joint, also known as a prosthesis. There are various types of shoulder replacement implants available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.
The most common type of shoulder replacement implants are the stemmed implants. Stemmed implants are composed of two main parts: a metal stem that is inserted into the humerus (upper arm bone) and a plastic socket that is fitted into the scapula (shoulder blade). The stem and socket are then connected with a metal ball and socket joint. Stemmed implants are usually recommended for patients with severe arthritis or other types of shoulder joint damage.
Another type of shoulder replacement implant is the reverse shoulder replacement implant. In this type of implant, the metal ball is attached to the scapula and the plastic socket is attached to the humerus. This type of implant is recommended for patients who have a torn rotator cuff, a previous failed shoulder replacement, or other complex shoulder problems.
There are also newer types of shoulder replacement implants, such as the resurfacing implant, which involves replacing only the damaged parts of the joint, and the biologic implant, which uses a patient's own tissue to create a new joint surface.
The choice of implant will depend on several factors, including the patient's age, the severity of the joint damage, and the surgeon's experience and preference. It is important for patients to discuss the different options with their surgeon to determine which type of implant is best suited for their specific situation.
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